Market liberalization aims at introducing and encouraging competition. The competitive process is then expected to bring about improved market outcomes in terms of prices and quality of service. Alongside market liberalization, it is imperative that essential safeguards are put in place against potential anti-competitive conduct by the market players, especially the dominant operators. With the development of the telecommunications market, the Authority’s role in maintaining healthy competitive environment acquires higher importance.

In line with the objective of creating and maintaining a sustainable competitive environment in Oman, the TRA has framed the competition framework comprising regulations and guidelines to address competition issues on ex-ante and ex-post basis aiming at structuring the regulatory interventions in the telecom market in view of making the telecom market conducive to innovation and investment. It is expected that putting such framework in place would contribute towards enhancing regulatory certainty, increasing the confidence of both existing market players and potential new players by improving predictability and transparency of future regulatory interventions.

The regulatory interventions are generally classified into two types; ex-ante regulation is anticipatory intervention. Ex-ante regulation uses specified controls to prevent anti-competitive conduct or abuses of dominant operators resulting undesirable actions or outcomes in markets. The regulatory Authority establishes rules, regulations, frameworks and guidelines, within which market players operate. Ex-ante regulation is designed to encourage and safeguard competition. The second type is ex-post regulatory interventions. These are measures through which anti-competitive instances are addressed. Upon detecting anti-competitive practice, through observation or receipt of complaints, investigations and analysis are carried out, and appropriate corrective measures are taken. TRA issued both Ex -Ante and Ex -Post Regulations under Decisions Number (69/2012) and (70/2013) respectively.

The TRA has completed first market review in 2013. This review defines the markets and determines the dominant player(s) in each market. In order to mitigate potential harm by the dominant players, appropriate regulatory obligations are being designed. The first market review in the form of “Market Definition and Dominance (MDD) Report” has been published. The following table shows the markets as defined in the first market review report. The MDD decision and detailed report can be seen here:

Market Description of the Market Dominant Player(s)
Market 1 Retail access to the public telephone network at a fixed location Omantel
Market 2 Retail local and national voice call service from a fixed location Omantel
Market 3 Retail international voice call service None
Market 4 Retail broadband Internet access from a fixed location Omantel and Nawras jointly
Market 5 Retail dial-up Internet access from a fixed location None
Market 6 Retail mobile services market Omantel and Nawras jointly
Market 7 Retail national leased line services [and business data services at a fixed location] Omantel
Market 8 Retail international leased lines Omantel
Market 9 Retail business data services provided from a fixed location This market has been merged with Market 7
Market 10 Wholesale voice call origination on the public telephone network provided at a fixed location Omantel
Market 11 Wholesale voice call termination on individual public telephone networks provided at a fixed location Omantel and Nawras
Market 12 Wholesale network infrastructure access at a fixed location Omantel
Market 13 Wholesale broadband access at a fixed location Omantel and Nawras jointly
Market 14 Wholesale terminating segments of leased lines Omantel
Market 15 Wholesale trunk segments of leased lines Omantel and Nawras jointly
Market 16 Wholesale IP international bandwidth capacity Omantel and Nawras jointly
Market 17 Wholesale voice call termination on individual mobile networks Omantel and Nawras
Market 18 Wholesale access and call origination on public mobile telephone networks Omantel and Nawras
Market 19 Wholesale national roaming This market has been merged with Market 18
Market 20 Wholesale transit (National and international transit) Omantel and Nawras jointly

Second public consultation